For grape wines – use a variety of glass containers, as well as packages of combined packaging materials, which have become an alternative to glass bottles, in some countries – small wooden containers and wicker bottles with a capacity of 5 dm 3, some wine labeling is bottled in PET bottles. A wine that is bottled is difficult to assess by the condition of the product and the existing defects.
The wine labeling or packaging material used is a six-layer laminate of polyethylene, paper, and aluminum foil. This package preserves the quality of the wine, including volatile and volatile aromatic substances.
Glass bottles are produced with a capacity of 0.2 (souvenir) to 3 dm 3 ordinary and increasingly attractive shaped forms (violin shape, heart-shaped, etc.). For most wines, colored bottles from light to dark green are used. The design of packing containers improves and the variety of design of bottles with a wide range of labels increases.
Appropriate methods of processing corks are used to remove microorganisms capable of modifying the aroma of the wine.
Metal or plastic caps for wine labeling are tightly placed on the necks of bottles closed with cork or polyethylene corks, as well as additionally rolled during the pasteurization of wine with aluminum caps. These caps are optional for ordinary wines. For collectible wines, the crown of the neck of the bottle with the imprint of the manufacturer’s seal can be tarred. Bottles with collectible wines and wines of controlled names by origin are completely wrapped in paper or cellophane before packaging. Ordinary wines are wrapped only in paper.
Wine bottles for wine labeling are packed in non-corrugated cardboard boxes made of uncorrugated cardboard, plastic multi-purpose boxes, containers and packaging equipment. Collectible wines and controlled names by origin are packed in corrugated cardboard boxes or in artistically designed souvenir boxes, which contain an annotation on the storage of these wines, and for collectible wines also indicate the rules of handling wine during its use.
Wine labeling is carried out on artistically designed labels and contains the code of the manufacturer, trademark, if any, the name of the wine, the capacity of the bottle (l), the name of the state, agency, department, or association, alcohol content (% vol.), Sugar content, in addition to dry wine (% wt. or g / l), the designation of the standard, license number, date of bottling (on the back of the label) and the national mark of conformity.
A necklace with the indication of the shelf life and the name “vintage” is pasted on the neck of the bottle with vintage wine. The standard allows the combination of a label with a collar.
Bottles with collectible wines must be affixed with an additional label indicating “collectible, additionally aged in the collection for… years”. A necklace indicating the year of harvest of the grapes from which the wine is made is pasted on the neck of the bottle with collectible wine.
For wine labeling, wines of controlled names by origin, the wine labeling shall also state: “wine of controlled names by origin”. The bottle is provided with a counter-label, which shows a diagram of the area where the wine is made, indicating the vineyards.
Some brands have three-dimensional embossing of the trademark on wine labeling
The name of the wine for wine labeling, data on the number of bottles, their capacity, and date of packaging are put on the boxes: year, month, number.
Wines are transported in different containers in covered vehicles with the observance of temperature conditions which would provide a temperature of drink from 8 to 18 ° C, and semi-sweet and semi-dry – from minus 2 to 8 ° C. During transportation within the city, you can transport wine in open vehicles with protection from precipitation. Transportation of table and fortified ordinary wines to specialized trade enterprises for sale for bottling is carried out in tank trucks, oak barrels, as well as in barrels made of stainless steel or titanium with a capacity of up to 200 dm 3.
Wines should be stored in ventilated rooms that do not have an odor at a temperature of 8 to 16 ° C, semi-sweet and semi-dry – from 2 to 8 ° C, vermouth – from 10 to 20 ° C and relative humidity not exceeding 85%.
In case of observance of these conditions of transportation and storage the producer guarantees the conformity of wines to requirements of the standard in such terms taking into account the day of their bottling, months:
• ordinary table wines – 3;
• fortified ordinary and table wines – 4;
• fortified vintage wines – 5;
Wines of controlled names by origin:
• dining rooms – 6;
• fastened – 12;
• vermouth – 12.
At the request of the consumer, it is possible to establish also longer terms of storage of wines.
Australia’s winery has added that wines in which after the expiration of the warranty period of storage there is no turbidity or visible sediment, and are suitable for further storage and sale. Therefore, the warranty period established by the standard distinguishes only the degree of responsibility for product quality in the relationship between supplier and buyer. Within the warranty period under the relevant storage conditions, liability is imposed on the supplier, after this period – only on the recipient.
Depending on the quality, the duration of storage and aging of wines may vary. Some wines may lose their marketable appearance during long-term storage. The quality of most wines improves over time.
The existing complex compounds of anthocyanins and tannins, which pass from the wood, improve the color and taste of red wines and increase their storage stability.
In wine labeling, the wine that is bottled for aging must be of high quality and improved during aging. Dessert wines with significant alcohol content are excellent for bookmarking. Champagne is not suitable for long-term storage. Collectible champagne is aged at the factory for three years and stored for a year or two. Reservoir champagne can also be stored for up to two years.
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